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Whinless Down Academy

Whinless Down Academy

Term 5

Year  2 Term 5

Key Concepts – Number –  Money


  • That different coins / notes represent different amounts of money.
  • That different combinations of coins can be used to make the same total amount of money.
  • That, when paying for an item with more money than the cost of the item, change will need to be given.
  • That £ is used to represent pounds and p to represent pennies.
  • That there are 100 pennies in one pound and therefore money reflects the place value system.
  • That money can often be represented in more than one way, using pounds, pounds and pence or just pence e.g. 125p is the same as £1.25
  • That, when recording using £, you omit the p symbol e.g. £1.34 not £1.34p
  • That, when recording using £, the pennies are represented with 2 decimal digits.


Key Vocabulary




Pound £

Pence (p)




More/ less


Key Concepts – Measures - Linear Measure

  • That measure is continuous.
  • That 1m = 100cm.
  • That height measures how tall something is, whereas length measures how long something is.
  • That linear measure can measure distances.
  • It is important that children use estimation for finding the length of everyday items – ensuring the use of appropriate measuring units.
  • The reading of scales, e.g. on a ruler or metre stick, tells us how long/tall an item is.
  • That we can link Fraction work with linear measurements e.g. half as high, half as wide, half as long.

Key Vocabulary


Unit of measure

Kilometre (km)

Metre (m)

Centimetre (cm)

Ruler / metre stick / trundle wheel





Tallest / shortest

Difference between

Common Misconceptions – Money

That the bigger the coin, the more it is worth (and the smaller the coin, the less it is worth).

That the value of a group of coins is decided on based on the number of coins in the group.

That both the £ and p symbol should be used, e.g. £1.34p is used, not £1.34

That, to pay for items, you need the exact amount of money.

That pence isn’t recorded using 2 decimal digits, reflecting the place value system. For example, one pound and nine pence may be recorded as £1.9 not £1.09


Common Misconceptions – Measures – Linear Measure

That you require a unit of measure, not just a numerical value when stating measurements.

Inaccurate/unrealistic estimates are likely until pupils have had opportunity to gain enough experience of measuring heights/lengths.

Confusion with the different units of measures ie kilometres, metres, centimetres.

That there are 10 or 1000cm in a metre and 100m in a kilometre etc.

That, when measuring an item, you start at the end of the ruler, not at 0.